f. Standardization

A terminology is a standardised list of terms that are used in a particular domain.

General information:

Phenotype (clinical) data:



  • mzML for Mass Spectrometry Data
  • mzQuantML for peptide and protein quantification data
  • mzIdentML for peptide and protein identification data



Multichannel biological and physical signals:       

  • EDF+ for EEG, PSG, ECG, EMG, and Evoked Potential

Rare diseases:

Neurological Disorders and Stroke:

  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS): Common Data Elements. This is not (yet) widely adopted for investigator-driven trials.